Moscow is the capital and the largest city in Russia. The total Russian population is estimated at 142,500,482. Approximately 73.8% of the population lives in urban centers. The largest cities are Moscow (10.523 million), St. Petersburg (4.575 million), Novosibirsk (1.397 million), Yekaterinburg (1.344 million) and Nizhniy Novgorod (1.267 million.) The land border of Russia is 20,241 kilometers long, the second longest of any country. Russia is the largest country in the world – and is approximately 1.8 times the size of the US. Russia has a seat on the United Nations Security Council. Russia shares a border with 14 countries including Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Belarus, China, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Mongolia and North Korea. No other country has as many borders. There are nine time zones across Russia. Russia is permanently on daylight savings time. The lowest point in Russia is the Caspian Sea – at 28 meters below sea level. The highest point is Mt. Elbrus at 5, 633 meters above sea level. It’s the highest mountain in Europe. A chairlift takes you to the 3000 meter mark so the climbing really starts there. Russian is one of the five most spoken languages in the world. Russians use the Cryillic alphabet instead of the Latin alphabet.